Red Deer
Inglewood - 403-346-4610
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Appleway Dental Clinics
Appleway Dental Clinics

Periodontal Treatments in Red Deer

Gum disease is characterized by inflammation and infection that occurs in the mouth. It affects the gum tissue, bones, and teeth. It is the number one cause of natural tooth loss for adults and affects 75% of individuals over their lifespan. While it is a serious condition, with early diagnosis and treatment, the impact on your health can be minimized.

Gum disease, also referred to as periodontal disease, is caused by plaque, bacteria and tartar. Between brushing, the sticky film that forms on the teeth is called plaque. This plaque can harden into tartar (or calculus), which releases toxins and can cause infection. Periodontal pockets can form, which are created between the gum tissue and the teeth, where more bacteria and toxins can collect. These pockets extend, the bone underneath can deteriorate, and the patient’s natural teeth can loosen – and eventually fall out. At this point, the only way a patient can restore their smile is with cosmetic treatments such as dentures, dental implants, or dental bridges.

Periodontal disease starts as gingivitis, characterized by swollen and tender gums, persistent bad breath, and bleeding when a patient brushes or flosses his or her teeth. As it progresses, it can cause loosened teeth, pus, and other cosmetic issues with the patient’s smile.

Treatments for gum disease will vary depending on the severity. In the earlier stages of the disease, patients can undergo scaling and root planing. This involves the physical removal of plaque and tartar. Patients with infection may also take antibiotics. As periodontal disease advances, it may require more surgical techniques, including the cutting of the gums to remove plaque build-up underneath the tooth and around the bone.

Preventing gum disease is essential for good oral health. Patients who want to avoid the development of gingivitis and periodontal disease are encouraged to brush and floss daily while maintaining regular visits to the dentist for full examinations, professional cleanings, and x-rays as necessary. Patients of all ages are at risk for the development of gum disease, and should talk to their dentist about ways to prevent it from occurring.

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